Orthodontic treatment procedures are performed by the dentists for creating attractive smiles and for treating dental concerns. Advancement in technology and dental medicine has helped to create major revolutionary treatment options. Orthodontic treatment is done not just for cosmetic purposes but also for dental health reasons.
Crooked teeth, misaligned teeth, overcrowding of teeth, overbite and underbite are some of the reasons that require treatment. At a glance one might think all these as cosmetic correction treatments. Underlying this are health concerns also. Teeth decay is one of the common dental concerns that can be seen. When teeth are crooked or overcrowded or misaligned then properly cleaning becomes a problem. Food particles can remain in these spaces. Even with rigid cleaning practices some food debris can remain stuck in between teeth.
Bacteria get attracted to this food debris and they act of the food particles and release acid which will work on the teeth enamel. When this goes unnoticed, decay sets in slowly in the teeth. This will gradually work towards the dental pulp and root of the teeth and erode the teeth completely. When a teeth decay, it will affect its neighbouring teeth as well. Not just teeth, gums also get affected due to this infection.
Different treatment options are available to set right problematic teeth conditions. The commonest and most traditional treatment that is opted by many is braces. Bringing the teeth back to their desired position is what placing braces does. Different type of braces is recommended according to the type of dental challenge a person has. Correcting teeth for children by placing braces is done and for them braces are bonded to the front of the teeth. Another type of braces is bonding them behind the teeth and another type uses metal braces.
Invisalign is another type of orthodontic treatment recommended for dental challenges. They are invisible and are placed as trays on the teeth. These trays will move the teeth to the desired position. They are custom made for each person and treatment time varies for each person according to the dental concern they have.
To understand which type of procedure is better, examining below some of its features, the procedure and its suitability to clients.
The traditional braces are made of metal, there are other types of braces like ceramic braces, lingual braces, clear braces etc. Braces apply pressure to the teeth and move them into position. Brackets are placed on the teeth and wires are attached to hold them in place. Elastic bands are placed to manage the correct amount of pressure on the teeth to correct them.
Invisalign also aims at correcting dental concerns like braces. This has clear removable aligners worn to align the teeth. Unlike the braces, there are no brackets or wires or elastic bands for the treatment. One unique feature is that they are invisible. They are custom made and exert correct pressure to move the teeth to the desired position. Braces are changed as the teeth move slowly to their correct position.
Placing any type of braces on takes a few hours. Time can vary according to the type of brace used and oral health of the person. Before braces are placed, teeth are cleaned. Dentists will then apply glue to the teeth to place the braces on them. The wires are placed later and then the elastic bands are attached to hold the braces in place. This might cause a bit of discomfort at first but will be alright once a person gets used to it.
In the case of Invisalign, specially trained dentists will create a fully digital and customised treatment plan. After deciding on the treatment, a new set of clear aligners are made. These will then be changed as recommended by the dentist. These different set of aligners are used to change the teeth to the desired position. Wearing aligners all the time like the braces are recommended for achieving good results.
Like braces, Invisalign treatment procedure is also available for children. Checking with the dentist will help to decide which treatment is ideal for the dental issue. As there are no wires or metal brackets in invisalign, there is no irritation or discomfort unlike in braces. Because of this very reason, many prefer invisalign over braces. It is invisible and the wearer would not feel conscious of wearing braces.
The invisibility feature of invisalign also adds up its advantage. Many are conscious of wearing braces and this feature of invisalign helps people in this regard. Traditional braces like ceramic braces, braces which are placed behind the teeth and hide them from view and clear braces also help to achieve this effect. As invisalign is custom made using advanced technology and one of the latest treatment plan developed, they cost more than traditional braces.
Each of the corrective procedures helps to move teeth to their correct position and achieve better oral health. Both need to be cared for responsibly. Braces are relatively easy to clean. Invisalign needs to be removed when consuming food – how often and the type of food that can be consumed, do they need to be removed etc. can be checked with the dentist.
Before deciding on the type of treatment, consultation with a dentist is highly recommended. Discussing ones requirements and concerns will help to decide which type of treatment plan one needs to go for. Lifestyle and eating habits and also the oral health of a person will affect the treatment decision. While wearing braces or invisalign oral health and hygiene should be given due importance. If proper cleaning is not done, then food particles can get stuck and bring about tooth decay and gum diseases. It is important to know proper cleaning techniques to ensure they provide the correct care for the teeth.